Liverpool - 20th Century
A major problem in Liverpool
between World War I and II was its housing, for the
population had increased to 856,072 in 1931. During
the inter-war years, Queen's Drive was completed as
an outer circular road, and beside it a number of
large local authority housing estates were built.
From 1931 to 1951 the population declined to
780,835, with a further decline to 745,750 by 1961.
Slum clearance in the city centre reduced the
When a survey was made of housing
in the 1950s it was estimated that two fifths of the
city's dwellings were below acceptable standards.
People began to move to places beyond the perimeter
of the city, such as Kirkby and Huyton-with-Roby;
this process had in fact begun in central wards as
early as the 1840s when houses were cleared for new
roads, factories, and public buildings.
population almost halved throughout the 20th
century, from 867,000 at its peak in 1937, to its
1998 figure of 461,500, reflecting in part the
decentralization of population from the city to
surrounding towns. By the 20th century, Liverpool's
population was ethnically diverse, with Irish,
Welsh, Chinese, African, and Caribbean communities.
1952: An overview - Australia
The year of 1952 was one of change and some
uncertainty for many Australians. In February the death of King George
VI and the accession of Queen Elizabeth II were announced. March saw
severe import restrictions introduced to prevent the nation's balance of
payments from deteriorating further. In May the Minister for External
Affairs, Richard Casey, fuelled anti-communist paranoia in the community
by referring to a 'nest of traitors' in the public service. Then, in
August, concern about rising unemployment caused the government to
announce severe cuts to its immigration program. That month there were
disturbances at the Bonegilla migrant camp near Albury. Traditional
Labor anti-immigration views resurfaced in the Senate in October when
Queensland ALP Senator Archie Benn compared immigrants to cane toads and
suggested they should never have been introduced.
That same month Australia entered the Atomic Age when Britain exploded
its first atom bomb on the Montebello Islands off the northwest coast of
Western Australia. And throughout the year Australian troops remained on
active duty in Korea. A mass bombing campaign of North Korean cities by
the United States and its allies did little to resolve the military and
political stalemate on that troubled peninsula.